Cobus van Bosch

The spiritual leader Enoch Mgjima after his arrest in 1921 at Bulhoek. (Oil on canvas, 40cm x 60cm, 2013).

Enoch Mgijima was the leader of the independent black church the Israelites, which clashed with forces of the Union of South Africa in 1921 at Ntabelanga near Bulhoek in the Queenstown area of the Eastern Cape after they refused government orders to evacuate the area where they squatted. In the resulting massacre about 180 of the roughly 1000 Israelites were killed and 100 wounded. Mgjima himself was captured and convicted to six years hard labour. He was, however, released in 1923 and founded a church in Queenstown. He died in 1928.